JAWAHARLAL NEHRU NATIONAL URBAN RENEWAL MISSION :-
Hon. Prime Minister has declared “Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission” on 03.12.2005. This scheme is applicable to 5 cities with their Metropolitan region of Maharashtra ie. Mumbai (6+2), Pune(2), Nagpur(1), Nashik(1+1) & Nanded (1). Mega infrastructure projects, construction of houses with basic services are the components of this scheme. For mega projects GOI will give 35% subsidy and for construction of houses with basic amenities 50% GOI subsidy will be made available.Under this scheme 50% is GOI subsidy, 12% is beneficiaries’ contribution (in case of reserve category his contribution is 10%) and remaining 38% is GOM subsidy (in case of reserve category GOM subsidy is 40%). Central Govt. has merged VAMBAY & NSDP in this new scheme. The objective of this scheme to urbanise by developing colonies which are unplanned and without basic services.It mandatory to prepare City Development Plan of the city and get it approved from GOI. Thereafter, Detailed Project Report is to be submitted to GOI with approval of State Level Steering Committee. In this mission GOI has laid down the condition of implementation “Urban Reforms” at the State level and Urban Local Body level, those are Mandatory Reforms & Optional Reforms.
A. Mandatory Reform at the level of ULB/ Municipal Corporation :-
1. Adoption of modern, accrual-based double entry system of accouting in ULB.
2. Introduction of system of e-governance using IT application like GIS and MIS for various services provided by ULBs.
3. Reform of Property Tax with GIS, so that is becomes major source of revenue for ULB and arrangement for its effective implementation, so that the collection efficiency reaches at least 85% within Mission period
.4. Levy of reasonable user charges by ULB with the objective that full cost of operation and maintenance is collected within the Mission period.
5. Internal earmarking within the local body budgets for basic services to the urban poor.
6. Provision of basic services to urban poor including security of tenure at affordable prices, improved housing, water supply, sanitation and ensuring delivery of other already existing universal services of the government for education, health and social security.
B. Mandatory Reform at State Level :-
1. Implementation of decentralization measure are envisaged in Seventy Fourth Constitutional Amendment. State should ensure meaningful association/ engagement of ULBs in planning function of Parastatal as well as delivery of services to the citizens.
2. Rationalization of Stamp Duty to bring it down to no more than 5% within the Mission period.
3. Enactment of community participation law to institutionalize citizen participation and introducing the concept of the Area Sabha in urban areas.
4 Assigning or associating elected ULBs into “city planning function” over a period of Five years; transferring all special agencies that the deliver civic services in urban areas and creating accountability platform for all urban civic service providers in transition.
1 Repeal of Urban Land Ceiling and Regulation Act.
2 Amendment of Rent Control Laws balancing the interest of landlords and tenants.
3 Enactment of Public Disclosure Law to ensure preparation of medium term fiscal plan of ULBs and release of quarterly performance information to all stakeholder.
4 Revision of bye-laws to streamline the approval process for construction of building, development of sites etc.
5 Simplification of legal and procedural frameworks for conversion of agricultural land for non-agricultural purposes.
6 Introduction of Property Title Certificate System in ULBs.
7 Earmarking at least 20-25% of developed land in all housing projects (both public and private Agencies) for EWS/ LIG category with a system of cross subsidization
8 Introduction of computerized process of registration of land and property.
9 Revision of bye-laws to make rain water harvesting mandatory in all buildings to come up in future and for adoption of water conversation measures.
10 Bye-laws in reuse of recycled water.
11 Administrative reforms, i.e. reduction in establishment by bringing out voluntary retirement scheme, non-filling up of posts falling vacant due to retirement etc. and achieving specified milestones in this regard.
12 Structural reforms.
13 Encouraging public-private partnership.States/ ULBs will be required to implement all the Mandatory Reforms and Optional Reforms within the Mission period. The States/ ULBs need to choose at least Two Optional Reforms each year for implementation. The details of reforms which have already been implemented and/ or proposed to be taken up should be included in the detailed project reports.
The sub-mission on Basic Services to Urban Poor will cover the following :-
A Admissible Component:
1 Integrated development of slums i.e. housing and development of infrastructural projects in the slum in the identified cities.
2 Projects involving development/ improvement/ maintenance of basic services to the urban poor.
3 Slum improvement and rehabilitation projects.
4 Projects on water supply/ sewerage/ drainage, community toilets/ baths, etc.
5 Houses at affordable costs for slum dwellers/ urban poor/ EWS/ LIG categories.
6 Construction and improvement of drains/ storm water drains.
7 Environmental improvement of slums and solid waste management.
8 Street lighting.
9 Civic amenities like community hall, child care centers etc.
10 Operation and maintenance of assets created under the component.
11 Convergence of health, education and social security schemes for the urban poor.
C. Inadmissible Components:-
Project pertaining to the following will not be considered:-
3 Wage employment programme and staff component
.4 Creation of fresh employment opportunities.GOM (Urban Dept) has constituted State Level Steering Committee (SLSC) vide G.R. dated 23.01.2006 for this Central sponsored scheme- JN-NURM. MHADA has been appointed as Nodal Agency for BSUP (sub-component under JN-NURM ). Govt. has issued the GR on 25.06.2007 for implementation of programme in the State. This programme is being implemented in 14 Cities in the State. These cities are as under :-
||1) Mumbai 2) Mira-Bhayandar 3)Thane 4) Navi-Mumbai 5) Kalyan-Dombivali 6) Ulhasnagar 7) Ambernath 8) Kulgaon-Badlapur
||9)Pune 10 ) Pimpari-Chinchwad
||11) Nashik 12) Bhagur
36 Projects under BSUP have been sanctioned by GOI and the details are as under:
Rs. in lakh
||8576 Dus in progress
||1 8160 Dus in progress
||Tenders invited for 8000 Dus.
||Tenders invited for 8754 Dus.
||17903 Dus in progress
||Infra works in progress
||Tenders are invited